All you ever read about is bugging out, and bugging-out if the ‘’Stuff Hits The Fan’’, or ‘’It’s The End Of The World As We Know It.
Whether your plan is to bug-out to your second home in the country, your cousin’s farm that you visited once when you were eleven, or some random spot in a national forest somewhere I hope you can get there.
Why Bug-In at All?
Before we get to the nuts and bolts of bugging in, it will be helpful to put things in perspective so that we may better establish context for why a person should choose to bug in instead of bug out. It is context that is so often critically missing from conversations about personal readiness and disaster response.
Simply stated, generally bugging in, not bugging out, should be your initial response to any disaster or SHTF scenario. How, you are probably wondering, can I say that when so much prepping lore and how-to guides concentrate on bugging out, running away from trouble?
This is the essential matter of putting the wagon ahead of the horse: Bugging out should be an option of last resort, or the first choice only when an event is so devastating and so total that you can, one, see it coming and, two, know fully well what it means for your chances of survival.
Contrast this with bugging in, circling the wagons or battening down the hatches, whatever you want to call it, and you will see that bugging in affords you many more advantages across more situations than bugging out. We will examine those reasons just below.
Home Field Advantage
First and foremost, bugging in confers a home field advantage that bugging out will rarely if ever provide you. Even when you are bugging out in a region that you know well, there is still no way you’ll have spent as much time out there as you have in and around your own home in town. You will, quite literally, be in your backyard when you bug-in during typical crisis circumstances.
All you will need to do when the decision has been made to bug in is implement the action items that you have planned for and break out what supplies are required. You’ll have the entirety of your gathered supplies and tools on hand, and you will have an intricate knowledge of your local and all surrounding terrain. This greater overall awareness of what pieces are on the board is a huge advantage during a crisis.
It is rarely discussed during expositions on bugging out as a concept just how many variables you’ll be dealing with, and how quickly they can compound. Going by foot or by car, you are now worried about cargo considerations, making it to certain waypoints or destinations within a certain period of time, carefully weighing your consumption of essential provisions against constant requirements and so much more.
If you get hurt, get disabled or get lost this can throw a wrench into the works and all sorts of uniquely grueling ways. If going by car and your vehicle breaks down what gear will you leave behind?
If you are traveling in a group on foot and a rift forms between opposing members or “factions” how would you deal with it when you can least afford to waste time, effort or energy in the middle of nowhere? What if they are carrying supplies that the group is dependent on?
This is not to say that you will be living in an idyllic and generally pleasant existence if you choose to bug in under the same circumstances, but you will be able to count on the fact you’ll be dealing with far fewer potentially lethal variables when you do.
Sustainment is Often Easier
In legitimate survival situations, sustainment is the name of the game. Sure, everyone worries about the big scary “bang” that will take their life or the life of someone they love, be it a tornado, a gunshot or even a heart attack, but more often, far more often, it is the simple stuff like running out of life-saving or sources such as food, water, medicine or shelter.
When bugging in compared to bugging out, sustainment will be made far, far simpler and easier as a rule. When bugging out, you will be carefully husbanding your water supply and always thinking of how you can collect more and then make it safe to drink.
Your source of packaged, ready to eat food will similarly be carefully rationed. When you bug in, you’ll at least be able to rely on the substantial stores you have put into place ahead of time, stores that you won’t have to schlep around on your back across half of Creation!
Even in a scenario where the water is cut off, the food deliveries stop and the weather is bleak you will begin your tribulations with a roof over your head, a pantry full of food and many gallons of water at your disposal. This is a huge advantage and major confidence booster.
Friends, Family and Neighbors Can Afford More Support
If there is one thing I have seen time and time again in my travels throughout the prepping sphere it is the romantic notion that a prepper is going to take the lone survivor approach to survival and tackle whatever comes all on their own, relying on no one and relying on precious little besides their wits, their gun and their dog. It is indeed an iconic and fascinating character archetype, but unfortunately it does not dovetail nicely with reality.
The bottom line is that lone survivors are so fascinating and lionized and media because they are so very, very rare: People are social critters, and we do our best work in groups.
The business of survival, particularly long-term survival, is made easier when you have at least a few people you can count on to contribute to the goal. Yes, you might be able to take advantage of the same if bugging out as part of a group, but how much better might your chances get if you know you have additional friends, family and neighbors in and around your home and town that you might call on for support?
Don’t listen to the naysayers: Of course you’ll have to provide for more thirsty and hungry mouths, and of course these people will want things from you in return besides your well wishes, but when you need to get some shuteye with someone watching your back, get a work detail done quickly or put some extra guns on the wall in defense nothing beats having people who care about you that you know you can count on.
Security is Simpler and Easier to Maintain
Bugging out is going to make you more vulnerable, it’s just that simple. Small numbers in isolated conditions make for easy prey, both for bad guys and for dangerous wildlife.
You’ll be moving through comparatively unknown areas not knowing what you are heading into or the conditions in the place that you left behind. In short, you will largely be operating without a net, so to speak.
Bugging in makes security so much simpler and easier to maintain with less effort. Even in a damaged home or building you’ll have better and more defensible terrain to work with.
You’ll worry about exposure less and only in the most desperate and deranged circumstances will criminals, even organized ones, be willing to take the fight to a group of armed people in a defensible position. Why do you think so many bad outcomes result from citizens running into bad guys in isolated and out of the way places?
Don’t get me wrong, there are advantages to both approaches when it comes to security, but I believe that bugging in offers you more advantages and more meaningful ones more often compared to bugging out.
You’ll Need to Get Home to Bug-In!
I want to be clear: Bugging in as a response to a long- or indefinite-term disaster or crisis scenario is not the same as just hunkering down wherever you happen to be. That is merely sheltering in place at its most basic. Bugging in is no less a serious an undertaking than bugging out, and deserves significant planning and preparation all its own.
Of course, to bug in properly you’ll actually have to get home, whatever “home” is for you. It might be an apartment in the city or a small farm on the fringes of your county. Unless you are single with no attachments and no family near your home you’ll also have people out there who are counting on you, and counting the minutes until you are reunited with them in these scary circumstances.
For this reason planning to get home should be the foundational element in any bug-in plan. Think this through: you spend a huge fraction of your waking hours away from home.
You’re at work, you’re running errands, you are taking family and friends out for activities and other endeavors. Sure, things might light off while you are snuggled up at safely home but there is a good chance that they won’t, statistically.
You could (and we have) written entire articles about proper get home procedure and planning, and you should definitely check them out. In the meantime though, to put it in its proper context, consider the following factors as it will relate to your overall bugging plan.
- Get-Home Bag (GHB): A get-home bag is basically a miniaturized, lean and lightweight BOB (bug-out bag) that you’ll keep in your vehicle, at your office or otherwise keep handy whenever you are a significant distance from home. A GHB contains items that will help you sustain while you head for home at the greatest possible speed.
- Route Planning: It is imperative that you know multiple ways to get home from any location that you frequent. Your office, your favorite restaurant, wherever. Do you know detours that will allow you to beat impending gridlock? If you have to ditch your vehicle and head home on foot what is the safest and best route to facilitate that?
- Family Response Plan: Unless you are a true loner with no one counting on you and no one you are worried about, you must plan on other members of your family being in similar circumstances as you when the event kicks off. Your spouse might have their own job, your kids might be in school, etc. How would you deal with this? Can you trust everyone to head for home on their own, or is the plan to rendezvous with them wherever they might be first before returning to base? This must be carefully considered, planned and rehearsed so you don’t add to the chaos in a live event.
Your Step-by-Step Bug-In Plan
Now we are getting down to the part where the rubber meets the road. It is time to start assessing all the pertinent factors and putting together your very own bug in plan.
Before we do anything else, we need to determine exactly what we are preparing for. Now, this is not to say that general preparedness is an inadequate goal or that it is somehow not worthwhile, but specific events that are likely to happen should be the crux that preps revolve around. No matter where you live, there will always be some kind of disaster or other event that is more likely to occur than others.
For instance, if you live along the coasts you’ll have much more to worry about from hurricanes than someone who lives in the middle of Kansas. An urban dweller will need to be rightly worried about major civil unrest. Those living in “Tornado Alley” will have much to fear from the eponymous storms that give the region its ominous nickname.
Beyond natural disasters, man-made incidents could take precedence. Those living in a town or city with large chemical manufacturing or refining plants will need to be ever vigilant against the constant risk of a spill or other industrial accident. Take some time and identify what has you most concerned that is most likely to occur in your region and then plan accordingly.
Assess Your Personal Situation
The next major factor we need to assess is a complex one, and highly personal, because it is all the details that together make up your life and lifestyle. As it turns out, you are the most vital component in any prepping plan, and you should not assume that you will simply “rise to the occasion” when it is called for. Understanding your strengths and weaknesses, and the perks and flaws that will be attendant to your home and general location is an important part of crafting a reliable and realistic bug in plan.
- Home Location: Where do you live and what kind of home do you occupy? A person who has a small house at the edge of the suburbs will be facing different survival challenges from an urban dweller in an apartment or condo. You must assess this in context: How much room do you have in your home? How much property do you have surrounding it? Do you have neighbors close by or far away? How many strangers live around you and how many are there?
- Personal Health and Fitness: Your personal health and overall fitness are major considerations in your plan. If you are a healthy, hardy and able to put in plenty of work over a long period of time you will have more options when it comes to surviving and will also better be able to withstand the many threats and hazards you’ll have to deal with. Similarly, if you are dealing with a persistent or lifelong injury or some other health condition that requires specialist care, you might have to plan around such an ailment every step of the way.
- Skillsets: Consider what skills you have at your disposal that are relevant to surviving and enduring in the aftermath of any kind of disaster. Are you a handy carpenter? You might be able to effect repairs meaningfully to your damaged home, or erect barricades and other defenses. A gardener or farmer will find their skills in high demand during long-term survival situations when society collapses. Those with military or law enforcement experience similarly find their skills greatly desired when push comes to shove. You must plan to make the best use of your existing skills, and cover or otherwise account for important survival skills that you lack.
- Network – FFN: Your personal social network, friends, family and neighbors, is another important factor for your planning and might be a priceless resource during any crisis. Any people that you consider yourself close with who are amenable to your preparations should be made aware of them so that you can plan on pooling resources and efforts ahead of time. Having even one other person in your area who cares about whether or not you are alive is invaluable. Similarly, your neighbors are very likely to be the closest people to you geographically who might care about your existence aside from others in your own home, and if you can create a meaningful bond of friendship with them so much the better.
- Special Considerations: There are additional considerations that don’t fit into any of the categories above. Do you live in an especially crime prone area? You’ll need to place more emphasis on defense. Is your property located in such a way that it is especially vulnerable to a specific disaster, perhaps a home in a low-lying area that is ripe for destruction due to flooding? Understanding specific special considerations and threats will allow you to plan for them and put into place particular defenses ahead of time.
Supplies and Provisions
The most pressing factor concerning bugging in is the accumulation of the necessary supplies and provisions that you will rely on for the duration of the event. Chief among your concerns will be water, food, medicine and a variety of tools and other materials to help you stay warm, keep your shelter intact and keep yourself safe.
It is often a mistake to think that you’ll have a reliable source of water since you aren’t bugging out. After all, all you need to do is open a tap and you’ll have water flowing right into your glass. Right? Not necessarily:
City and municipal water supplies rely on intricate networks of plumbing and water processing facilities along with a small army of workers to make sure that the water is both flowing and safe to drink.
Both of those vital components are likely to degrade or break down during the event, and that means you must store up ahead of time a large supply of drinking water. Luckily, bugging in means you can do that and won’t be forced to carry it!
Food is similarly important, and though you should have a plan for growing or otherwise procuring food as part of a long-term survival strategy, nothing beats having a large store of food that is ready to eat or use in cooking on hand at the beginning of the event. This can be complicated, however, by the presence of other people in your family or survival group.
An average adult needs around 2,000 calories a day to support their body when they are putting in work, and you should be gunning for at least that much per person per day as part of your benchmark.
You can read a lot more about food storage concerns, tips and tricks in the sections below.
When you are talking about surviving anything that could be considered a long-term problem, sustainment must be near the top of your planning priorities.
What will you do when the food runs out, and there are no more deliveries to grocery stores? Where will you get water from, and how you make it safe to drink when your supply of bottled water runs out? If you require medicine, what will you do when there is no more to be had from any pharmacy?
There are viable answers to all of these questions, and bugging in, as opposed to bugging out, is usually part of that answer. However, you must understand what your limitations are when it comes to your home and property along with your skills, or rather the lack thereof.
It does not do me or you any good to tell you to simply start up a garden or raise livestock if you live in a tiny apartment in the middle of a major metropolis.
On the other hand, where there is a will there is a way, and even landlocked apartments can still grow a variety of useful medicinal herbs and other plants using nothing more than a window planter. Even a small suburban home can raise chickens in the backyard, providing both eggs and meat.
Sustainment is a complicated subject with a lot of possible answers to a seemingly simple question, but one with just as many pitfalls and obstacles.
The point of this is to get you thinking about long-term sustainment concerns as it relates to bugging in as an overall survival strategy. We have many articles on the subject already that you should definitely check out to bolster your education.
As I mentioned above and constantly assert, bugging in is almost always a better choice than bugging out. However, it will not always be the case and life has a way of throwing curve balls your way that will lay waste to your best laid plans. It is crucial that you plan accordingly if you want to react ably to such contingencies.
For instance, the disaster might be one or might develop into one that will see your home completely destroyed with little or no chance of survival.
This could be an apocalyptic fire in the middle of an urban environment that is utterly out of control. It could be a devastating natural disaster that essentially obliterates your home and much of your town, leaving nothing in the way of supplies or shelter to rely on.
It might even be something more esoteric, like an injury or illness inflicted on yourself or a family member that mandates higher level care, care that is in vanishingly short supply under the circumstances.
Where will you go and how far will you look to summon or provide such care? What does such a journey look like and what is mandated for successful completion? Do you have anyone in your network who has the required training and skills to provide such care?
In short, don’t think of bugging in as an “escape pod” from all the problems of survival when it hits the fan. It is a great choice in general, but the situation might dictate that you have to abandon your home, and you’ll need to be prepared for that eventuality, too.
I will admit I wish I had a second home to go to, but that is not an option for most household incomes! Yes I do have some rural places to go to in a few states, and even private land that I could park my camper on if I bug-out.
I live in Colorado, so I could go to the National Forrest and set up camp somewhere, hopefully. All three are great ideas if you know for sure that you can get out of town.
The county I live in has a population of 620,000, so imagine just one third of these people trying to get out of town at once. It could be impossible to leave the city for days.
There will be horrific traffic jams with very angry people that want to get their families out of dodge no matter the cost. Massive road rage will most likely take over the normally peaceful driver who is in such a panic that he will push you off the road, shoot you, or whatever it may take to get in front of you.
The ditches will be full of broken down vehicles, wrecks and people begging you to let them ride with you or to take their children with you.
Nope, that is not something anyone would want to put their family through, especially me. Don’t get me wrong, I do have a bug-out plan, but my bug-in plan may be more important and you should have one as well.
In the event of a worldly, domestic, or catastrophic event, grocery stores could run out food in 3-4 days and the same with fuel at gas stations. NO Diesel NO Food! Remember that!
Do you have these basics items: 1-3 months’ supply of food, guns, ammo, garden, first aid, water, a secure home, wood burning stove, friends, you get the idea.
These are just a few basic items that everyone should have at their home, but you should make a list of everything that you would want at your home in the event of a collapse.
Unless there is a poisoned gas cloud coming my way I will most likely be bugging in for a few days, or years. Well this may seem a little over whelming, but let’s take a look at some basic prepping items that are affordable and easy to obtain.
Unless you are new to prepping, then you know that food and water is the first thing you should have on your bug-in list. If you are on a tight budget like we are, you cannot afford to go spend 2-3k on a garage full of freeze dried food and grains.
What we have done is started tracking how long it takes us to consume our normal grocery store items on our calendar. By tracking these items and buying extras at bulk prices at Sams and Costco you will have a 1 year supply of food for a family of 4 within a few months!
One thing you can do to get a month’s worth of food for under a $100 is to go to your big bulk store and buy one large bag of dried beans, one large bag of dried rice, a couple of cases of canned vegetables, and some noodles or Ramen noodles.
Most noodles, beans, rice, and canned food have a good shelf life and if stored in a very cool, dry place will last even longer than expiration dates. Canned tuna in oil is cheap with a long shelf life and the oils can be drained to cook other foods.
Now you have an emergency food stash that has a good shelf life, not too bad to eat, and very affordable. Start watching for sales at the grocery store for canned food, clip coupons, go on double coupon days and you will have a hundred cans of food before you know it.
Now that you get the idea on starting your food bank also you will want to have cooking oil, sugar, salt, and other spices in stock to help keep your recipes from being the same every meal.
Don’t forget to rotate and start eating the food that is about to expire or donate it to local food banks. A 2-3 months’ supply of the food you use every day could be stocked very quickly, but do start buying grains and freeze dried food if you can afford it.
Learn how to grow a garden and start learning how to can your food. When I was a kid we seldom bought a vegetable from the store for we always had a can of something from the garden. Dig a cellar to preserve carrots and other long shelf life vegetables.
Protect your garden from animals, both 4 and 2 legged. I think razor wire is nice for garden protection. Also think about a hail storm coming down in June when the garden is about ready to produce and ruining everything.
A full ½ x ½ wire net for a roof will protect from hail and animals as well. Make sure your garden net will hold the weight of a large hail storm or snow. In addition, stock up on seeds, they are cheap and could feed you for life.
A family of 4 will consume somewhere around 700-800 gallons of drinking water a year; that’s a lot of bottled water!
Now if you know the water supply is going to stop any minute start filling up every container, glass, coffee cup, bowl, cooler, and bucket right away. Stock what you can, but you will need to have rain barrels and filters to make sure you have enough to keep you alive.
Read up on water storage, well digging, cisterns, solar stills, and rain water collecting to be ultimately prepared. Without water we are dead!
You will also need water for cleaning dishes, if you can build a stock of paper plates, bowls, and plastic silverware that will help keep your water use down.
Baths will have to be minimal with shared water from a tub using a wash cloth with very little soap. Save baths for when it rains, or try to bathe in a nearby creek or lake.
First aid and medical preparedness is just as important as water storage. Stock up on basic medicines, bandages, first aid cream, antibiotic ointment, feminine hygiene products, and prescription drugs.
The way to stock up on prescription drugs is to refill them a few days before you run out of them and that way you can save a few a month’s supply or talk to your doctor about a having an emergency supply.
If you are using your food bank and scrounging for food, you might need some antacids and other digestive medicines to help you with your new diet of rice and rats.
Multi-vitamins are a must have, even if you do not take them now. Since fresh food could be hard to come by, a vitamin deficiency could be possible.
Ask your doctor what he thinks will be best for you and your family based on your medical history before taking any medications or vitamins. We got some vitamins from a health food store for our kids with the directions saying take 2 a day.
I took the bottle to our doctor, and he said 1 a day would be better for our kids. So learn what you will need to do when your body starts going though changes from a new diet.
Immediate diet changes can be bad for your health, especially if you are not healthy now. Talking to your now doctor could be vital to your survival.
Guns, if you do not have one then you need to get one and start learning how to shoot now! They will save you and your family’s life and property.
Stock up on plenty of ammo, 5-6000 rounds is a good amount to have. Used 22 Rifles are cheap and the rounds are even cheaper. If I had to pick one gun for life, I would pick a single shot, bolt action 22.
There are few parts on a bolt action 22 and if you are a good shot you can drop any animal 2 or 4 legged with a good head shot. A good 12 gauge shotgun and larger rifle like a 30-06 should be added to your arsenal with a few handguns like a 44mag or 45acp as well.
A good AR style rifle in a 223 or a 7.63 x 39 round is a great defense gun to have for your home. You do not need 100 guns to survive, just a few, plenty of ammo, replacement parts and, how-to-repair them books. If you want multiple guns, buy the same exact models so if breaks you can use it for parts to fix the other one.
Learn how to shoot the guns you have, if you are not a good shot now, chances are you will not be a good shot when you need to kill the cat in your yard for food or to defend yourself from an intruder.
Learn to hunt, trap, fish for food and tan hides to trade. Learn to use every part of the animal, for that cat you killed in your front yard might be the start of a good fur coat.
Home Security and Defense
For your home, have security bars ready to be installed on all windows and doors. Wood pallets can be picked up for free at many places if you look for them and there are many uses for them if you take them apart.
I will have window barricades from used wood pallets with a steel backing to install from the inside of my home. It would be nice to have these window barricades so they are bullet proof and easy to shoot from, steel can get a little pricey though.
Old car doors and hoods could be used to cover windows and doors as well. The barricades will be set in tracks or hinged so they can be moved to still get the use of a window or door.
A 6’ privacy fence would be good to have now because you can add to it later if you need to. I plan to have used wood pallets to build my existing fence higher and harder to climb over from outside the fence.
Try to secure your home the best you can without making your home look like a target for would be criminals. If your house looks like it is really worth breaking into someone will drive a truck through it so his 20 buddies outside can come in and over take you.
Have one or two friends or family members that will move in with you for help with all of this work and to have another sharp shooter in the house. And any one that will move into your home should have the same amount of food and water as you have.
How are you going to heat your home if the gas and electricity quit flowing? I have a wood burning fire place now, but I also have a used wood burning stove in my shed ready to install to help heat both floors and to cook on if needed.
You will need to know how much firewood it would take to keep your home warm for an entire winter, so practice heating your home during the winter without other means and track how much fire wood you are using.
Once again, used wood pallets make great fire wood when broken down. We are building an outdoor fire place, grill, and smoker to use for outdoor cooking out of river rocks that we have been collecting the last few years. An outdoor cooking area will keep your home cooler in the summer.
Make sure your attic is well insulated. That will keep you warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer.
Want air conditioning? Forget about it, you have better chance of dying from hypothermia than from heat stroke.
Air conditioners are not even 200 years old; heat has been used since the beginning of mankind. Look into geo-thermal cooling if you really want to cool the home down a bit in the summer.
There are solar heaters and furnaces that you could fabricate yourself from junk windows and glass. Learn how to make one or go buy modern ones now if you can.
Where are you going to store all of this stuff that you are collecting? Building a shed from used wood pallets will only cost you some nails and screws.
Start by leveling the ground and placing pallets in a square or triangle. Fasten the pallets together using boards from pallets you have already torn apart and nails or screws.
Use the same method to build the walls using torn apart pallets to secure everything together, but leave room for a door. Make a simple roof that slants to one side only by making one wall one foot higher than the other so it will be easier to build and collect rain water. You can make a door out of used pallets as well.
Now to cover the walls you can take apart longer pallets to use as over lapping siding panels, or buy siding to match your house and install. If you can find a local roofing contractor or roofing supplier you can get used or damaged roofing materials to use or just buy new materials to match your house.
I was able to get the used materials from a metal roof that was being replaced to cover my walls and roof for free. There are some plans available on the internet that will give you better details and ideas on how to build a pallet shed.
The uses of wood pallets are almost unlimited; you could build a chicken coup, outhouse, dog house, and spare room or create more roof space for collecting rain water.
Something that I have never heard of anyone preparing for in their home is a sewage back up. If the water supply has stopped, I seriously doubt that the city sewer workers are going to be around to make sure everything else will be flowing.
Without the normal waste water from washing dishes and taking baths the sewage pipes will quickly clog with human waste and debris.
After a clog is formed the sewage pressure that can build up and it can come into your home through your sinks and toilets, filling your entire home with raw sewage.
Talk about stuff hitting the fan! This could ruin all that you have including food and water storage. You would have to move out of your home for it would be ruined!
Unless the insurance companies still exist and you have the proper flood and drain coverage on your homeowner’s policy you could be out of luck. Have a plumber come to your home and prepare you for an emergency sewage blocker.
He may not be able to install one do to local codes, but he could provide you with an idea that prepares you to stop a sewage back flow. In addition, you should know how to turn your water and gas off inside your home from the main lines.
If you do still have running water but do not have enough heat for your home then you may have to worry about a busted water pipe flooding your home. However, knowing how to shut the water off from the main line can help prevent this disaster!
What you have just read is a good basic “starter kit” for bugging in. Get a note pad, and start writing down the things you would like to have in your possession in bulk and not just the items I talked about.
Make your own list of items for you and your family! You will still need to have a good bug-out plan and how to get you and all your possessions to where you are going.
Buy used materials to help make your home more secure and keep an eye open for free materials on Craigslist and in the newspaper.
Go to Goodwill, buy extra clothes and keep the ones you have. Extra cloth may be hard to come by someday. Learn how to grow a garden in your region by taking a gardening class.
Learn how to shoot by taking a gun safety class and take self defense classes. I am only offering a small but practical bit of advice to help you start a bug-in plan, so be prepared and start prepping now.
Be ready to live life not as you know it now, but like they did in the old days where you worked all day just to eat the next. Have the tools you will need to survive and know how to use them.
Practice and preparation could save time, money, and maybe even your life in the event of bug-in scenario. We never know if The End of The World AS We Know It will happen or when, but I want you to be ready.
last update: July 31st 2021